Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Ulrika Ericson

Ulrika Ericson

Associate professor

Ulrika Ericson

Timing of eating across ten European countries - Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study

Author

  • Ena Huseinovic
  • Anna Winkvist
  • Heinz Freisling
  • Nadia Slimani
  • Heiner Boeing
  • Genevieve Buckland
  • Lukas Schwingshackl
  • Anja Olsen
  • Anne Tjønneland
  • Magdalena Stepien
  • Marie Christine Boutron-Ruault
  • Francesca Mancini
  • Fanny Artaud
  • Tilman Kühn
  • Verena Katzke
  • Antonia Trichopoulou
  • Androniki Naska
  • Philippos Orfanos
  • Rosario Tumino
  • Giovanna Masala
  • Vittorio Krogh
  • Maria Santucci De Magistris
  • Marga C. Ocké
  • Magritt Brustad
  • Torill Enget Jensen
  • Guri Skeie
  • Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco
  • José María Huerta
  • Eva Ardanaz
  • José Ramón Quirós
  • Paula Jakszyn
  • Emily Sonestedt
  • Ulrika Ericson
  • Maria Wennberg
  • Timothy J. Key
  • Dagfinn Aune
  • Elio Riboli
  • Elisabete Weiderpass
  • Heléne Bertéus Forslund

Summary, in English

ObjectiveTo examine timing of eating across ten European countries.DesignCross-sectional analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study using standardized 24 h diet recalls collected during 1995-2000. Eleven predefined food consumption occasions were assessed during the recall interview. We present time of consumption of meals and snacks as well as the later:earlier energy intake ratio, with earlier and later intakes defined as 06.00-14.00 and 15.00-24.00 hours, respectively. Type III tests were used to examine associations of sociodemographic, lifestyle and health variables with timing of energy intake.SettingTen Western European countries.SubjectsIn total, 22 985 women and 13 035 men aged 35-74 years (n 36 020).ResultsA south-north gradient was observed for timing of eating, with later consumption of meals and snacks in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries. However, the energy load was reversed, with the later:earlier energy intake ratio ranging from 0·68 (France) to 1·39 (Norway) among women, and from 0·71 (Greece) to 1·35 (the Netherlands) among men. Among women, country, age, education, marital status, smoking, day of recall and season were all independently associated with timing of energy intake (all P<0·05). Among men, the corresponding variables were country, age, education, smoking, physical activity, BMI and day of recall (all P<0·05).ConclusionsWe found pronounced differences in timing of eating across Europe, with later meal timetables but greater energy load earlier during the day in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries.

Department/s

  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease

Publishing year

2019

Language

English

Pages

324-335

Publication/Series

Public Health Nutrition

Volume

22

Issue

2

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Cambridge University Press

Topic

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • 24 h diet recall
  • Chrono-nutrition
  • Diurnal eating
  • EPIC
  • Meal patterns
  • Meals
  • Snacks
  • Standardization

Status

Published

Research group

  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1368-9800