The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Albert Salehi

S Albert Salehi

Research team manager

Albert Salehi

Abnormally decreased NO and augmented CO production in islets of the leptin-deficient ob/ob mouse might contribute to explain hyperinsulinemia and islet survival in leptin-resistant type 2 obese diabetes.

Author

  • Javier Jimenez
  • S Albert Salehi
  • Sandra Meidute
  • Ragnar Henningsson
  • Ingmar Lundquist

Summary, in English

The role of the gaseous messengers NO and CO for β-cell function and survival is controversial. We examined this issue in the hyperglycemic-hyperinsulinemic ob/ob mouse, an animal model of type 2 obese diabetes, by studying islets from obese vs lean mice regarding glucose-stimulated insulin release in relation to islet NO and CO production and the influence of modulating peptide hormones. Glucose-stimulated increase in ncNOS-activity in incubated lean islets was converted to a decrease in ob/ob islets associated with markedly increased insulin release. Both types of islet displayed iNOS activity appearing after ~60min in high-glucose. In ob/ob islets the insulinotropic peptides glucagon, GLP-1 and GIP suppressed NOS activities and amplified glucose-stimulated insulin release. The insulinostatic peptide leptin induced the opposite effects. Suppression of islet CO production inhibited, while stimulation amplified glucose-stimulated insulin release. Nonincubated isolated islets from young and adult obese mice displayed very low ncNOS and negligible iNOS activity. In contrast, production of CO, a NOS inhibitor, was impressively raised. Glucose injections induced strong activities of islet NOS isoforms in lean but not in obese mice and confocal microscopy revealed iNOS expression only in lean islets. Islets from ob/ob mice existing in a hyperglycemic in vivo milieu maintain elevated insulin secretion and protection from glucotoxicity through a general suppression of islet NOS activities achieved by leptin deficiency, high CO production and insulinotropic cyclic-AMP-generating hormones. Such a beneficial effect on islet function and survival might have its clinical counterpart in human leptin-resistant type 2 obese diabetes with hyperinsulinemia.

Department/s

  • Islet cell physiology
  • Drug Target Discovery
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2011

Language

English

Pages

43-51

Publication/Series

Regulatory Peptides

Volume

170

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Cell and Molecular Biology

Status

Published

Research group

  • Islet cell physiology
  • Drug Target Discovery

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1873-1686