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Rickard Claesson

Physician

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The potential impact of new diagnostic criteria on the frequency of gestational diabetes mellitus in Sweden.

Author

  • Rickard Claesson
  • Magnus Ekelund
  • Kerstin Berntorp

Summary, in English

The International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) has suggested new diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus. Many centers in Europe still use the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. In southern Sweden we use the 2-h threshold of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes criteria based on universal screening with a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. We have retrospectively scrutinized oral glucose tolerance tests in a subset of 174 women included in a previous study, diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus 1996-1999. A complete repeat oral glucose tolerance test was performed directly after diagnosis in 120 women. When applying the current Swedish criteria, and the IADPSG and the WHO criteria to the material, gestational diabetes mellitus was confirmed in 67% (80/120), 84% (101/120), and 80% (96/120), respectively. Hence, 26% (101/80) more women were identified by the IADPSG criteria and 20% (96/80) more women by the WHO criteria, compared with the criteria presently in use.

Department/s

  • Clinical Sciences, Helsingborg
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

Publishing year

2013

Language

English

Pages

1223-1226

Publication/Series

Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

Volume

92

Issue

10

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Topic

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine

Status

Published

Research group

  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1600-0412