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Deletion of glycerol channel aquaporin-9 (Aqp9) impairs long-term blood glucose control in C57BL/6 leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) obese mice.

  • Peter Spégel
  • Aakash Chawade
  • Søren Nielsen
  • Per Kjellbom
  • Michael Rützler
Publishing year: 2015
Language: English
Publication/Series: Physiological Reports
Volume: 3
Issue: 9
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Abstract english

Deletion of the glycerol channel aquaporin-9 (Aqp9) reduces postprandial blood glucose levels in leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) obese mice on a C57BL/6 × C57BLKS mixed genetic background. Furthermore, shRNA-mediated reduction of Aqp9 expression reduces liver triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in a diet-induced rat model of obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate metabolic effects of Aqp9 deletion in coisogenic db/db mice of the C57BL/6 background. Aqp9(wt) db/db and Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice did not differ in body weight and liver TAG contents. On the C57BL/6 genetic background, we observed elevated plasma glucose in Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice (+1.1 mmol/L, life-time average), while plasma insulin concentration was reduced at the time of death. Glucose levels changed similarly in pentobarbital anesthetized, glucagon challenged Aqp9(wt) db/db and Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice. Liver transcriptional profiling did not detect differential gene expression between genotypes. Metabolite profiling revealed a sex independent increase in plasma glycerol (+55%) and glucose (+24%), and reduction in threonate (all at q < 0.1) in Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice compared to controls. Metabolite profiling thus confirms a role of AQP9 in glycerol metabolism of obese C57BL/6 db/db mice. In this animal model of obesity Aqp9 gene deletion elevates plasma glucose and does not alleviate hepatosteatosis.


  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • Molecular Metabolism
  • ISSN: 2051-817X
Peter Spegel
E-mail: peter [dot] spegel [at] chem [dot] lu [dot] se


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