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Paul Franks

Paul Franks

Principal investigator

Paul Franks

Previously Associated Type 2 Diabetes Variants May Interact With Physical Activity to Modify the Risk of Impaired Glucose Regulation and Type 2 Diabetes A Study of 16,003 Swedish Adults

Author

  • Ema C. Brito
  • Valeriya Lyssenko
  • Frida Renstrom
  • Göran Berglund
  • Peter Nilsson
  • Leif Groop
  • Paul Franks

Summary, in English

OBJECTIVE-Recent advances in type 2 diabetes genetics have culminated in the discovery and confirmation of multiple risk variants. Two important, and largely unanswered questions are whether this information can be used to identify individuals most susceptible to the adverse consequences of sedentary behavior and to predict their response to lifestyle intervention; such evidence Would be mechanistically informative and provide a rationale for targeting genetically susceptible subgroups of the population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Gene X physical activity interactions were assessed for 17 polymorphisms ill a prospective population-based cohort of initially nondiabetic middle-aged adults. Outcomes were 1) impaired glucose regulation (IGR) versus normal glucose regulation determined with either fasting or 2-h plasma glucose concentrations (n = 16,003), 2) glucose intolerance (in mmol/l, n = 8,860), or 3) incident, type 2 diabetes (n = 2,063 events). RESULTS-Tests of gene X physical activity interactions oil IGR risk for 3 of the 17 polymorphisms were nominally statistically significant: CDKNT2A/B rs10811661 (P-interaction = 0.015), HNF1B rs4430796 (P-interaction = 0.026), and PPARG rs1801282 (P-interaction = 0.04). Consistent interactions were observed for the CDKN2A/B (P-interaction = 0.013) and HNF1B (P-interaction = 0.0009) variants on 2-h glucose concentrations. Where type 2 diabetes was the outcome, only one statistically significant interaction effect was observed, and this was for the HNF1B rs4430796 variant, (P-interaction = 0.0004). The interaction effects for HNF1B on IGR risk and incident diabetes remained significant after correction for multiple testing (P-interaction = 0.015 and 0.0068, respectively). CONCLUSIONS-Our observations suggest that the genetic predisposition to hyperglycemia is partially dependent on a person's lifestyle. Diabetes 58:1411-1418, 2009

Department/s

  • Internal Medicine - Epidemiology
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

Publishing year

2009

Language

English

Pages

1411-1418

Publication/Series

Diabetes

Volume

58

Issue

6

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Diabetes Association Inc.

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Internal Medicine - Epidemiology
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1939-327X