Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Paul Franks

Paul Franks

Principal investigator

Paul Franks

Variation at the Melanocortin 4 Receptor Gene and Response to Weight-Loss Interventions in the Diabetes Prevention Program

Author

  • Qing Pan
  • Linda M. Delahanty
  • Kathleen A. Jablonski
  • William C. Knowler
  • Steven E. Kahn
  • Jose C. Florez
  • Paul Franks

Summary, in English

Objective: To assess associations and genotype x treatment interactions for melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) locus variants and obesity-related traits. Design and Methods: Diabetes prevention program (DPP) participants (N = 3,819, of whom 3,356 were genotyped for baseline and 3,234 for longitudinal analyses) were randomized into intensive lifestyle modification (diet, exercise, weight loss), metformin or placebo control. Adiposity was assessed in a subgroup (n = 909) using computed tomography. All analyses were adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity and treatment. Results: The rs1943218 minor allele was nominally associated with short-term (6 month; P = 0.032) and long-term (2 year; P = 0.038) weight change. Eight SNPs modified response to treatment on short-term (rs17066856, rs9966412, rs17066859, rs8091237, rs17066866, rs7240064) or long-term (rs12970134, rs17066866) reduction in body weight, or diabetes incidence (rs17066829) (all P-interaction < 0.05). Conclusion: This is the first study to comprehensively assess the role of MC4R variants and weight regulation in a weight loss intervention trial. One MC4R variant was directly associated with obesity-related traits or diabetes; numerous other variants appear to influence body weight and diabetes risk by modifying the protective effects of the DPP interventions.

Department/s

  • Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2013

Language

English

Pages

520-526

Publication/Series

Obesity

Volume

21

Issue

9

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

Topic

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Status

Published

Research group

  • Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1930-739X