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Paul Franks

Paul Franks

Principal investigator

Paul Franks

Genome-wide and abdominal MRI data provide evidence that a genetically determined favorable adiposity phenotype is characterized by lower ectopic liver fat and lower risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension

Author

  • Yingjie Ji
  • Andrianos M. Yiorkas
  • Francesca Frau
  • Dennis Mook-Kanamori
  • Harald Staiger
  • E. Louise Thomas
  • Naeimeh Atabaki-Pasdar
  • Archie Campbell
  • Jessica Tyrrell
  • Samuel E. Jones
  • Robin N. Beaumont
  • Andrew R. Wood
  • Marcus A. Tuke
  • Katherine S. Ruth
  • Anubha Mahajan
  • Anna Murray
  • Rachel M. Freathy
  • Michael N. Weedon
  • Andrew T. Hattersley
  • Caroline Hayward
  • Jürgen Machann
  • Hans Ulrich Häring
  • Paul Franks
  • Renée de Mutsert
  • Ewan Pearson
  • Norbert Stefan
  • Timothy M. Frayling
  • Karla V. Allebrandt
  • Jimmy D. Bell
  • Alexandra I. Blakemore
  • Hanieh Yaghootkar

Summary, in English

Recent genetic studies have identified alleles associated with opposite effects on adiposity and risk of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to identify more of these variants and test the hypothesis that such favorable adiposity alleles are associated with higher subcutaneous fat and lower ectopic fat. We combined MRI data with genome-wide association studies of body fat percentage (%) and metabolic traits. We report 14 alleles, including 7 newly characterized alleles, associated with higher adiposity but a favorable metabolic profile. Consistent with previous studies, individuals carrying more favorable adiposity alleles had higher body fat % and higher BMI but lower risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension. These individuals also had higher subcutaneous fat but lower liver fat and a lower visceral-to-subcutaneous adipose tissue ratio. Individual alleles associated with higher body fat % but lower liver fat and lower risk of type 2 diabetes included those in PPARG, GRB14, and IRS1, whereas the allele in ANKRD55 was paradoxically associated with higher visceral fat but lower risk of type 2 diabetes. Most identified favorable adiposity alleles are associated with higher subcutaneous and lower liver fat, a mechanism consistent with the beneficial effects of storing excess triglycerides in metabolically low-risk depots.

Department/s

  • Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2019

Language

English

Pages

207-219

Publication/Series

Diabetes

Volume

68

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Diabetes Association Inc.

Topic

  • Medical Genetics
  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0012-1797