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Oscar Braun

Physician

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Primary and secondary capture of platelets onto inflamed femoral artery endothelium is dependent on P-selectin and PSGL-1.

Author

  • Oscar Braun
  • Jan E Slotta
  • Michael D Menger
  • David Erlinge
  • Henrik Thorlacius

Summary, in English

Platelets constitute a key role in vascular injuries, however, the detailed mechanisms behind platelet-endothelial cell and platelet-leukocyte interactions in the femoral artery are not yet fully elucidated. We used intravital fluorescence microscopy of the femoral artery in C57BL/6 mice to study primary and secondary capture of platelets onto endothelial cells as well as onto adherent platelets and leukocytes in vivo. By use of monoclonal antibodies, the role of P-selectin and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) in these adhesive interactions in mice exposed to endotoxin was determined. Intravenous injection of endotoxin significantly increased gene expression of P-selectin as well as platelet tethering, rolling and adhesion in the femoral artery. Pretreatment with the anti-PSGL-1 antibody decreased platelet tethering by 85%, platelet rolling by 88% and platelet adhesion by 96%. Immunoneutralization of P-selectin reduced platelet tethering by 91%, platelet rolling by 98%, and platelet adhesion by 97%. In addition, inhibition of P-selectin and PSGL-1 completely abolished secondary capture of platelets onto adherent platelets and leukocytes. Our data show that P-selectin and PSGL-1 mediate early interactions between platelets and other cells, including endothelial cells and leukocytes, in inflamed arteries. These novel results suggest that interference with P-selectin and PSGL-1 may be a useful target in strategies aiming to protect the vascular wall during arterial inflammation.

Department/s

  • Cardiology
  • Surgery

Publishing year

2008

Language

English

Pages

128-132

Publication/Series

European Journal of Pharmacology

Volume

592

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Pharmacology and Toxicology

Status

Published

Research group

  • Surgery

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1879-0712