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Significance of Ischemic Heart Disease in Patients with Heart Failure and Preserved, Midrange, and Reduced Ejection Fraction : A Nationwide Cohort Study

  • Ola Vedin
  • Carolyn S P Lam
  • Angela S. Koh
  • Lina Benson
  • Tiew Hwa Katherine Teng
  • Wan Ting Tay
  • Oscar Ö. Braun
  • Gianluigi Savarese
  • Ulf Dahlström
  • Lars H Lund
Publishing year: 2017-06-01
Language: English
Publication/Series: Circulation: Heart Failure
Volume: 10
Issue: 6
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Heart Association

Abstract english

Background - The pathogenic role of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF; EF <40%) is well established, but its pathogenic and prognostic significance in HF with midrange (HFmrEF; EF 40%-50%) and preserved EF (HFpEF; EF ≥50%) has been much less explored. Methods and Results - We evaluated 42 987 patients from the Swedish Heart Failure Registry with respect to baseline IHD, outcomes (IHD, HF, cardiovascular events, and all-cause death), and EF change during a median follow-up of 2.2 years. Overall, 23% had HFpEF (52% IHD), 21% had HFmrEF (61% IHD), and 55% had HFrEF (60% IHD). After multivariable adjustment, associations with baseline IHD were similar for HFmrEF and HFrEF and lower in HFpEF (risk ratio, 0.91 [0.89-0.93] versus HFmrEF and risk ratio, 0.90 [0.88-0.92] versus HFrEF). The adjusted risk of IHD events was similar for HFmrEF versus HFrEF and lower in HFpEF (hazard ratio, 0.89 [0.84-0.95] versus HFmrEF and hazard ratio, 0.84 [0.80-0.90] versus HFrEF). After adjustment, prevalent IHD was associated with increased risk of IHD events and all other outcomes in all EF categories except all-cause mortality in HFpEF. Those with IHD, particularly new IHD events, were also more likely to change to a lower EF category and less likely to change to a higher EF category over time. Conclusions - HFmrEF resembled HFrEF rather than HFpEF with regard to both a higher prevalence of IHD and a greater risk of new IHD events. Established IHD was an important prognostic factor across all HF types.


  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • acute coronary syndrome
  • heart failure
  • outcomes
  • prevalence
  • registry


  • ISSN: 1941-3289
E-mail: oscar [dot] braun [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se



+46 46 17 36 90


Project manager

Heart Failure and Mechanical Support

+46 46 17 36 90


Research project participant

Molecular Epidemiology and Cardiology


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