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Olle Melander

Principal investigator

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The Relationship Between Gene Polymorphisms and Dipping Profile in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease


  • Marcin Wirtwein
  • Olle Melander
  • Marketa Sjögren
  • Michal Hoffmann
  • Krzysztof Narkiewicz
  • Marcin Gruchala
  • Wojciech Sobiczewski

Summary, in English

Background: The aim of this study is to report the relationship between certain single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and blunted nighttime blood pressure (BP) fall in patients with coronary artery disease confirmed by coronary angiography. Methods: According to the percentage decrease in mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) during the nighttime period, subjects were classified as dippers or nondippers (nighttime relative SBP or DBP decline ≥10% and <10%, respectively). Genetic risk score (GRS18) was constructed to evaluate additive effect of 18 SNPs for nondipping status. Results: In the present study, 1,345 subjects with coronary heart disease (CHD) were included. During follow-up period (median 8.3 years, interquartile range 5.3-9.0 years), there were 245 all-cause deaths (18.2%) including 114 cardiovascular deaths (8.5%). There were significant differences in the number of revascularizations between nondippers SBP and DBP and dippers SBP and DBP (48.0% vs. 36.4%, P < 0.01). SNPs of the genes, MIA3, MRAS, PCSK9, SMG6, and ZC3HC1, were related to a higher risk of nondipping SBP and DBP status. Conclusions: In the present study, polymorphisms of genes related to CHD (MIA3, MRAS, PCSK9, SMG6, and ZC3HC1) were associated with nondipping SBP and DBP profile, and GRS18 was associated with nondipping status. In addition, this profile was related to a higher risk of revascularization.


  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year







American Journal of Hypertension





Document type

Journal article


Oxford University Press


  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems


  • Blood pressure
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Dipping
  • DNA polymorphisms
  • Hypertension



Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension


  • ISSN: 0895-7061