Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Olle Melander

Principal investigator

Default user image.

Job strain, decision latitude and alpha2B-adrenergic receptor polymorphism significantly interact, and associate with higher blood pressures in men.

Author

  • Bertil Öhlin
  • Göran Berglund
  • Peter Nilsson
  • Olle Melander

Summary, in English

Background Job strain (high demands and low decision latitude) and the DID genotype of an I/D polymorphism in the adrenergic alpha(2B)-receptor have been associated with hypertension, respectively. We hypothesized that the I/D polymorphism interacts with external stress, such as job strain, in the development of hypertension. Methods A sample of 3045 employed men and women from the population cohort of Malmo Diet and Cancer Study, n = 28 098, with baseline data regarding work characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors, were genotyped for the adrenergic alpha(2B)-receptor I/D polymorphism. This was possible in 1302 men and 1662 women, and these individuals formed the study group. Results The age-adjusted systolic blood pressure (SBP) for men with the DD polymorphism and job strain (n = 26) was 147.0 +/- 3.4 mmHg, whereas for men with the DD polymorphism but without job strain (n = 184), the SBP was 138.2 +/- 1.4 mmHg (P = 0.018). Similar findings were made regarding diastolic blood pressures (DBP) in men. Job strain and the I/D polymorphism in the adrenergic alpha(2B)-receptor gene significantly interacted in men [P = 0.008 for SBP, P = 0.03 for DBP, adjusted for age, body mass index, occupational status and nationality (Model 1)]. Increasing latitude score was inversely correlated with SBP (beta -0.17, P = 0.03, Model 1) in DD men, but not in men with the I-allele; interaction significance for genotype X latitude score, P = 0.02 for SBP (Model 1). In women, there were no significant interactions between genotype and work characteristics (P = 0.32 for SBP, and P = 0.60 for DBP). Conclusion For the first time, a significant interaction between a genetic factor and work environment, resulting in elevated blood pressures, has been described.

Department/s

  • Internal Medicine - Epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension

Publishing year

2007

Language

English

Pages

1613-1619

Publication/Series

Journal of Hypertension

Volume

25

Issue

8

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Topic

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • alpha-2 adrenergic receptor
  • blood pressure
  • genetic polymorphism
  • hypertension psychological stress
  • work

Status

Published

Research group

  • Internal Medicine - Epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1473-5598