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Olle Melander

Principal investigator

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Dynamic high-sensitivity troponin elevations in atrial fibrillation patients might not be associated with significant coronary artery disease

Author

  • Johan Thelin
  • Olle Melander

Summary, in English

Background: Since the introduction of high-sensitivity troponin assays a greater proportion of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients present with dynamic troponin elevations. We hypothesize that significant coronary artery disease (CAD) causes relative ischemia in the setting of a rapid heart rate resulting in dynamic troponin elevation. The aim of this study was to examine if patients without known CAD who present with AF, tachycardia and dynamic high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) change have an increased risk of cardiac events. Methods: We retrospectively included AF patients presenting with tachycardia during one year. The primary endpoint was acute coronary syndrome, revascularization or death due to ischemic heart disease during 30 months follow-up. Results: Five hundred twenty-two patients without known CAD were included, 300 (57%) had normal hsTnT and 49 (9.5%) had dynamic hsTnT elevation. During follow-up 12 (4%) patients with normal hsTnT reached the primary endpoint and a total of 14 (4.7%) patients died. In the group with dynamic hsTnT the results were 4 (8.2%) and 12 (25%) respectively. The age-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for the primary endpoint in patients with dynamic hsTnT was 1.9 (95% CI: 0.6 to 6.2; p = 0.28) and for all-cause mortality 3.8 (95% CI: 1.7 to 8.5; p = 0.001). Conclusions: Dynamic hsTnT elevation in connection with AF might not be associated with any major increased risk of coronary events, but indicates increased all-cause mortality.

Department/s

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2017-06-27

Language

English

Publication/Series

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

Volume

17

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

BioMed Central (BMC)

Topic

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Coronary artery disease
  • High sensitivity troponin
  • Tachycardia
  • Type 2 myocardial infarction

Status

Published

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1471-2261