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Olle Melander

Principal investigator

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Cardiovascular biomarkers and echocardiographic findings at rest and during graded hypovolemic stress in women with recurrent vasovagal syncope

Author

  • Marcus Lindenberger
  • Arthur Fedorowski
  • Olle Melander
  • Widet Gallo
  • Jan Engvall
  • Johan Skoog

Summary, in English

Introduction: Vasovagal reflex is the most common type of syncope but its etiology is not fully elucidated. Venous return and cardiac output are key in hemodynamic control. The aim of the study was to assess cardiovascular biomarkers and echocardiographic measures at rest and during hypovolemia in women with and without a history of vasovagal syncope. Methods: Fourteen women (aged 18-30) suffering from recurrent vasovagal syncope and 15 age-matched healthy women were included. Graded lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was used to create central hypovolemic stress until signs of presyncope occurred. Echocardiography was applied at rest and throughout LBNP. Cardiovascular biomarkers: copeptin, mid-regional proadrenomedullin, mid-regional pro-ANP, C-terminal proendothelin-1, and plasma norepinephrine were measured both at rest and throughout graded hypovolemia to presyncope. Results: Women prone to vasovagal syncope presented with a narrower right ventricle (RV) (29 ± 1 vs 32 ± 1 mm, P <.05), smaller left atrium (36 ± 2 vs 47 ± 3 cm3, P <.01) and lower cardiac output at rest (3.1 ± 0.2 vs 3.7 ± 0.2 L/min, P <.05) and during graded hypovolemia (P <.05). Copeptin was elevated at rest (4.3 ± 0.8 vs 2.5 ± 0.2 pmol/L, P <.05) and increased more in women with vasovagal syncope during progression of LBNP (P <.01). At rest, lower C-terminal proendothelin-1 (35 ± 5 vs 46 ± 2 pmol/L, P <.05) and higher norepinephrine levels (1.1 ± 0.1 vs 0.8 ± 0.1 nmol/L, P <.01) were seen in women with vasovagal syncope. Conclusion: Women prone to vasovagal syncope demonstrate reduced cardiac preload, lower cardiac output, as well as increased release of vasopressin in rest and during hypovolemic challenge. The results emphasize the importance of venous return and cardiac output in the pathogenesis of vasovagal syncope.

Department/s

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2019-01-01

Language

English

Pages

2936-2943

Publication/Series

Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology

Volume

30

Issue

12

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Topic

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • adrenomedullin
  • biomarkers
  • cardiac output
  • copeptin
  • echocardiography
  • endothelin-1
  • vasovagal syncope
  • women

Status

Published

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1045-3873