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Olle Melander

Principal investigator

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Accumulated neighbourhood deprivation and coronary heart disease : A nationwide cohort study from Sweden

Author

  • Sara Larsson Lönn
  • Olle Melander
  • Casey Crump
  • Kristina Sundquist

Summary, in English

Objective Neighbourhood deprivation is a recognised predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD). The overall aim was to investigate if accumulated exposure to neighbourhood deprivation resulted in higher odds of CHD. Design This is a longitudinal cohort study. Models based on repeated assessments of neighbourhood deprivation as well as single-point-in-time assessments were compared. Setting Sweden. Participants 3 140 657 Swedish men and women without a history of CHD and who had neighbourhood deprivation exposure data over the past 15 years. Primary outcome measures CHD within 5 years' follow-up. Results The results suggested a gradient of stronger association with CHD risk by longer cumulative exposures to neighbourhood deprivation, particularly in the younger age cohorts. Neighbourhood deprivation was also highly correlated over time, especially in older age cohorts. Conclusions The effect of neighbourhood deprivation on CHD might depend on age. Accounting for individuals' baseline age may therefore be important for understanding neighbourhood environmental effects on the development of CHD over time. However, because of high correlation of neighbourhood deprivation over time, single-point-in-time assessments may be adequate for CHD risk prediction especially in older adults.

Department/s

  • Family Medicine, Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Lifestyle
  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2019

Language

English

Publication/Series

BMJ Open

Volume

9

Issue

9

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

BMJ Publishing Group

Topic

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • CHD/coronary heart
  • longitudinal studies
  • neighbourhood/place

Status

Published

Research group

  • Family Medicine, Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Lifestyle
  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 2044-6055