Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Olle Melander

Principal investigator

Default user image.

Inflammation-sensitive proteins and risk of atrial fibrillation: a population-based cohort study.

Author

  • Samuel Adamsson Eryd
  • Gustav Smith
  • Olle Melander
  • Bo Hedblad
  • Gunnar Engström

Summary, in English

Low-grade inflammation has been repeatedly associated with cardiovascular diseases but the relationship with incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unclear. We explored the association between elevated plasma levels of inflammation-sensitive proteins (ISPs) and incidence of AF in a population-based cohort. Plasma levels of five ISPs (fibrinogen, haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin, α(1)-antitrypsin and orosomucoid) and two complement factors (C3 and C4) were measured in 6,031 men (mean age 46.8 years) without history of myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke or cancer. Incidence of hospitalizations due to AF during a mean follow-up of 25 years was studied both in relation to individual inflammatory proteins and the number of elevated ISPs. During follow-up, 667 patients were hospitalized with a diagnosis of AF. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the hazard ratios (HR) for AF were 1.00 (reference), 1.08 (95% CI: 0.88-1.31), 1.07 (CI: 0.84-1.36), and 1.40 (CI: 1.12-1.74), respectively, in men with none, one, two and three or more ISPs in the 4th quartile (P for trend = 0.007). Ceruloplasmin was the only individual ISP significantly associated with incidence of AF after adjustment for confounding factors (HR 1.17 per standard deviation, 95% CI: 1.08-1.26). In conclusion, a score of five ISPs was associated with long-term incidence of hospitalizations due to AF in middle-aged men. Of the individual ISPs, a significant association was observed for ceruloplasmin, a protein previously associated with copper metabolism and oxidative stress.

Department/s

  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2011

Language

English

Pages

449-455

Publication/Series

European Journal of Epidemiology

Volume

26

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Springer

Topic

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Status

Published

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1573-7284