Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Olle Melander

Principal investigator

Default user image.

Biomarkers of microvascular endothelial dysfunction predict incident dementia : a population-based prospective study


  • Hannes Holm
  • K Nägga
  • E D Nilsson
  • F Ricci
  • O Melander
  • Oskar Hansson
  • E Bachus
  • Martin Magnusson
  • A Fedorowski

Summary, in English

BACKGROUND: Cerebral endothelial dysfunction occurs in a spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases. Whether biomarkers of microvascular endothelial dysfunction can predict dementia is largely unknown. We explored the longitudinal association of midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), C-terminal endothelin-1 (CT-proET-1) and midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) with dementia and subtypes amongst community-dwelling older adults.

METHODS: A population-based cohort of 5347 individuals (men, 70%; age, 69 ± 6 years) without prevalent dementia provided plasma for determination of MR-proANP, CT-proET-1 and MR-proADM. Three-hundred-and-seventy-three patients (7%) were diagnosed with dementia (120 Alzheimer's disease, 83 vascular, 102 mixed, and 68 other aetiology) over a period of 4.6 ± 1.3 years. Relations between baseline biomarker plasma concentrations and incident dementia were assessed using multivariable Cox regression analysis.

RESULTS: Higher levels of MR-proANP were significantly associated with increased risk of all-cause and vascular dementia (hazard ratio [HR] per 1 SD: 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07-1.36; P = 0.002, and 1.52; 1.21-1.89; P < 0.001, respectively). Risk of all-cause dementia increased across the quartiles of MR-proANP (p for linear trend = 0.004; Q4, 145-1681 pmol L(-1) vs. Q1, 22-77 pmol L(-1) : HR: 1.83; 95%CI: 1.23-2.71) and was most pronounced for vascular type (p for linear trend = 0.005: HR: 2.71; 95%CI: 1.14-6.46). Moreover, the two highest quartiles of CT-proET-1 predicted vascular dementia with a cut-off value at 68 pmol L(-1) (Q3-Q4, 68-432 pmol L(-1) vs. Q1-Q2,4-68 pmol L(-1) ; HR: 1.94; 95%CI: 1.12-3.36). Elevated levels of MR-proADM indicated no increased risk of developing dementia after adjustment for traditional risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS: Elevated plasma concentration of MR-proANP is an independent predictor of all-cause and vascular dementia. Pronounced increase in CT-proET-1 indicates higher risk of vascular dementia.


  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • Clinical Memory Research
  • Medicine, Lund
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • MultiPark: Multidisciplinary research focused on Parkinson´s disease

Publishing year







Journal of Internal Medicine





Document type

Journal article




  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences




  • Prediction, Prevention and Treatment of Progressing Heart Failure and Coincident Cognitive Impairment

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • Clinical Memory Research


  • ISSN: 1365-2796