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Olle Melander

Principal investigator

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Effects of hydration on plasma copeptin, glycemia and gluco-regulatory hormones : a water intervention in humans

Author

  • Sofia Enhörning
  • Irina Tasevska
  • Ronan Roussel
  • Nadine Bouby
  • Margaretha Persson
  • Philippe Burri
  • Lise Bankir
  • Olle Melander

Summary, in English

Purpose: High plasma copeptin, a marker of vasopressin, predicts diabetes mellitus. We tested if copeptin could be suppressed by increased water intake in healthy individuals, and if a water-induced change in copeptin was accompanied by altered concentrations of glucose, insulin or glucagon. Methods: Thirty-nine healthy individuals underwent, in random order, 1 week of high water intake (3 L/day on top of habitual intake) and 1 week of normal (habitual) fluid intake (control). Fasting plasma concentrations of copeptin, glucose, insulin and glucagon were compared between the ends of both periods. Furthermore, acute copeptin kinetics were mapped for 4 h after ingestion of 1 L of water. Results: After acute intake of 1 L water, copeptin was significantly reduced within 30 min, and reached maximum reduction within 90 min with on average 39% reduction (95% confidence interval (95 CI) 34–45) (p < 0.001) and remained low the entire test period (4 h). One week of increased water intake led to a 15% reduction (95 CI 5–25) (p = 0.003) of copeptin compared to control week. The greatest reduction occurred among subjects with habitually high copeptin and concentrated urine (“water-responders”). Water-responders had significant water-induced reduction of glucagon, but glucose and insulin were unaffected. Conclusions: Both acute and 1 week extra water intake potently reduced copeptin concentration. In those with the greatest decline (water-responders), who are typically low drinkers with high baseline copeptin, water induced a reduction in fasting glucagon. Long-term trials assessing the effect of water on glucometabolic traits should focus on low-water drinkers with high copeptin concentration.

Department/s

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • Internal Medicine - Epidemiology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2019

Language

English

Pages

315-324

Publication/Series

European Journal of Nutrition

Volume

58

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Springer

Topic

  • Other Clinical Medicine

Keywords

  • Glucagon
  • Insulin
  • OGTT
  • Vasopressin
  • Water

Status

Published

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • Internal Medicine - Epidemiology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1436-6207