Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

ludc webb

Nuno Dias

Associate professor

ludc webb

Endovascular treatment for chronic type B dissection: limitations of short stent-grafts revealed at midterm follow-up.

Author

  • Brian J Manning
  • Nuno Dias
  • Thomas Ohrlander
  • Martin Malina
  • Björn Sonesson
  • Timothy Resch
  • Krassi Ivancev

Summary, in English

PURPOSE: To examine the incidence of and the indications for re-intervention, as well as the changes in aortic morphology, in patients with chronic type B aortic dissection who underwent endovascular intervention for false lumen aneurysms. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 10 patients (8 men; mean age 63 years, range 45-79) who underwent stent-graft repair of aneurysmal false lumen expansion related to chronic type B aortic dissection at a median 16 months (range 2-71) from the initial diagnosis. All grafts had been oversized by 10% relative to the normal non-dissected aorta and were implanted to cover the primary entry tear. Follow-up computed tomography scans were analyzed to define changes in aortic morphology. RESULTS: Mean radiological follow-up was 56 months (median 64.5; range 19-86.5). There was no perioperative mortality or stroke; no cases of aortic rupture were recorded during follow-up. One patient suffered a procedure-related stroke with postoperative hemiparesis following re-intervention for proximal erosion 15 months after the initial treatment. In 6 of the 7 re-interventions performed in 6 patients at a median 42 months after the index procedure, stent-graft extension was required to treat erosion of the dissection membrane that had resulted in endoleak with false lumen reperfusion. The extent of dissection, duration of follow-up, or length of aortic coverage was not predictive of the need for re-intervention during follow-up. At last follow-up, the mean false lumen diameter at the level of the stented aorta was significantly smaller than at baseline (11+/-15 versus 24+/-15 mm, p<0.01). This was associated with false lumen thrombosis at the level of the stent-graft in 9 of 10 cases, although 7 patients had persistent false lumen perfusion distal to the stent-graft. CONCLUSION: Endovascular stent-graft treatment is effective therapy for chronic type B dissection patients with false lumen aneurysms. Erosion of the dissection membrane, causing proximal or distal endoleak, is the most common reason for re-intervention during midterm follow-up.

Department/s

  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö
  • Radiology Diagnostics, Malmö

Publishing year

2009

Language

English

Pages

590-597

Publication/Series

Journal of Endovascular Therapy

Volume

16

Issue

5

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

International Society of Endovascular Specialists

Topic

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Status

Published

Research group

  • Radiology Diagnostics, Malmö

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1545-1550