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Nils Wierup

Nils Wierup

Senior lecturer

Nils Wierup

Overexpressed beta cell CART increases insulin secretion in mouse models of insulin resistance and diabetes

Author

  • Mia Abels
  • Matteo Riva
  • Liliya Shcherbina
  • Ann Helen Thorén Fischer
  • Elin Banke
  • Eva Degerman
  • Andreas Lindqvist
  • Nils Wierup

Summary, in English

Impaired beta cell function and beta cell death are key features of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is necessary for normal islet function in mice. CART increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in vivo in mice and in vitro in human islets and CART protects beta cells against glucotoxicity-induced cell death in vitro in rats. Furthermore, beta cell CART is upregulated in T2D patients and in diabetic rodent models as a consequence of hyperglycaemia. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of upregulated beta cell CART on islet hormone secretion and glucose homeostasis in a transgenic mouse model. To this end, mice with beta cell-specific overexpression of CART (CARTtg mice) were generated. CARTtg mice challenged by aging, high fat diet feeding or streptozotocin treatment were phenotyped with respect to in vivo and in vitro insulin and glucagon secretion, glucose homeostasis, and beta cell mass. In addition, the impact of adenoviral overexpression of CART on insulin secretion was studied in INS-1 832/13 cells. CARTtg mice had a normal metabolic phenotype under basal conditions. On the other hand, with age CARTtg mice displayed increased insulin secretion and improved glucose elimination, compared with age-matched WT mice. Furthermore, compared with WT controls, CARTtg mice had increased insulin secretion after feeding a high fat diet, as well as lower glucose levels and higher insulin secretion after streptozotocin treatment. Viral overexpression of CART in INS-1 832/13 cells resulted in increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Together, these results imply that beta cell CART acts to increase insulin secretion when beta cell function is challenged. We propose that the increase in beta cell CART is part of a compensatory mechanisms trying to counteract the hyperglycaemia in T2D.

Department/s

  • Neuroendocrine Cell Biology
  • Immunology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology
  • Molecular Endocrinology
  • Insulin Signal Transduction

Publishing year

2022-05-01

Language

English

Publication/Series

Peptides

Volume

151

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Keywords

  • Beta cell
  • CART
  • CART peptide
  • CARTPT
  • Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript
  • In vivo
  • INS-1
  • Islet
  • IVGTT
  • OGTT
  • T2D
  • Type 2 diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Neuroendocrine Cell Biology
  • LUDC (Lund University Diabetes Centre)
  • Immunology
  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology
  • Molecular Endocrinology
  • Insulin Signal Transduction

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0196-9781