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Nils Wierup

Nils Wierup

Senior lecturer

Nils Wierup

Cocaine- and Amphetamine-Regulated Transcript in Neuroendocrine Tumors

Author

  • Kalle Landerholm
  • Sture Falkmer
  • Johannes Jarhult
  • Frank Sundler
  • Nils Wierup

Summary, in English

Background/Aims: Cocaine-and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is an anorexigenic regulatory peptide highly expressed in the brain's appetite control centers, but also in peripheral neurons and in endocrine cells in the adrenal medulla, thyroid, pancreatic islets, and in the gastrointestinal tract. Plasma levels of CART were recently shown to be elevated in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), but the cellular sources of CART in NETs have remained unknown. The aim of the study was to establish whether CART is expressed in various types of NETs and, if so, to examine the frequency, distribution and phenotype of CART-expressing cells. Methods: Tumor specimens from 133 NETs originating in the stomach, ileum, rectum, pancreas and thyroid were examined with immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The expression of CART was quantified and the CART-expressing cells were phenotyped by double staining for established markers and hormones. Results: CART-expressing tumor cells were found in the majority of the examined NETs. The expression pattern of CART was highly heterogeneous not only between tumors, but also within individual tumors. In 14% of the NETs, CART was found in a major population of the tumor cells. Conclusion: CART is produced in the majority of NETs, regardless of tumor origin. This likely explains the elevated levels of circulating CART in certain NETs patients, as recently described. CART could therefore prove to be a useful tool in the diagnostics of NETs not only in blood samples, but also in histopathological specimens. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel

Department/s

  • Neuroendocrine Cell Biology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2011

Language

English

Pages

228-236

Publication/Series

Neuroendocrinology

Volume

94

Issue

3

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Karger

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Keywords

  • Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript
  • Neuroendocrine tumors
  • Endocrine pancreatic tumors
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Medullary thyroid
  • carcinomas
  • Regulatory peptides

Status

Published

Research group

  • Neuroendocrine Cell Biology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0028-3835