The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Photo: KG Pressfoto

Marju Orho-Melander

Professor

Photo: KG Pressfoto

Dairy products and its association with incidence of cardiovascular disease: the Malmö diet and cancer cohort.

Author

  • Emily Sonestedt
  • Elisabet Wirfält
  • Peter Wallström
  • Bo Gullberg
  • Marju Orho-Melander
  • Bo Hedblad

Summary, in English

It is unclear whether specific dairy products are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this project was therefore to examine the association between intake of milk, cheese, cream and butter, and incidence of CVD in the Swedish Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. Milk was separated into fermented (yoghurt and cultured sour milk) versus non-fermented milk, and low-fat versus high-fat milk. Among 26,445 individuals without a history of myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes (44-74 years; 62% females), 2,520 CVD cases (coronary and stroke events) were identified during a mean follow-up time of 12 years. Dietary data was collected using a modified diet history method. Overall consumption of dairy products was inversely associated with risk of CVD (P (trend) = 0.05). Among the specific dairy products, a statistically significant inverse relationship was observed only for fermented milk. The highest versus lowest intake category of fermented milk was associated with 15% (95% CI: 5-24%; P (trend) = 0.003) decreased incidence of CVD. We observed a statistically significant interaction between sex and cheese intake (P = 0.046). Cheese intake was significantly associated with decreased CVD risk in women (P (trend) = 0.03), but not in men (P (trend) = 0.98). The main finding was that a high intake of fermented milk may reduce the risk of CVD. This study suggests that it is important to examine dairy products separately when investigating their health effects.

Department/s

  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease
  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2011

Language

English

Pages

609-618

Publication/Series

European Journal of Epidemiology

Volume

26

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Springer

Topic

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Status

Published

Research group

  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease
  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1573-7284