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Photo: KG Pressfoto

Marju Orho-Melander

Professor

Photo: KG Pressfoto

Association testing in 9,000 people fails to confirm the association of the insulin receptor substrate-1 G972R polymorphism with type 2 diabetes

Author

  • JC Florez
  • Marketa Sjögren
  • N Burtt
  • Marju Orho-Melander
  • S Schayer
  • M Sun
  • Peter Almgren
  • Ulf Lindblad
  • T Tuomi
  • D Gaudet
  • TJ Hudson
  • MJ Daly
  • KG Ardlie
  • JN Hirschhorn
  • D Altshuler
  • Leif Groop

Summary, in English

The insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 is an important component of the insulin signal transduction cascade. Several reports suggest that a Gly-->Arg change in codon 972 is associated with type 2 diabetes and related traits, and a recent meta-analysis reported a modest but nominally significant association with type 2 diabetes (odds ratio [OR] 1.25 in favor of carriers of the Arg allele [95% CI 1.05-1.48). To test the reproducibility of the model in a recent meta-analysis, we examined genotype-phenotype correlation in three large Caucasian samples (not previously reported for this variant) totaling 9,000 individuals (estimated to have >95% power to obtain a P<0.05 for the OR of 1.25 estimated in the meta-analysis). In our combined sample, comprising 4,279 case and 3,532 control subjects, as well as 1,189 siblings discordant for type 2 diabetes, G972R was not associated with type 2 diabetes (OR 0.96 [0.84-1.10], P = 0.60). Genotype at G972R had no significant effect on various measures of insulin secretion or insulin resistance in a set of Scandinavian samples in whom we had detailed phenotypic data. In contrast, the well-documented associations of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma P12A and Kir6.2 E23K with type 2 diabetes are both robustly observed in these 9,000 subjects, including an additional (previously unpublished) confirmation of Kir6.2 E23K and type 2 diabetes in the Polish and North American samples (combined OR 1.15 [1.05-1.261, P = 0.001). Despite genotyping 9,000 people and >95% power to reproduce the estimated OR from the recent meta-analysis, we were unable to replicate the association of the IRS-1 G972R polymorphism with type 2 diabetes.

Department/s

  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • Community Medicine

Publishing year

2004

Language

English

Pages

3313-3318

Publication/Series

Diabetes

Volume

53

Issue

12

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Diabetes Association Inc.

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • Community Medicine

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1939-327X