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Luis Sarmiento-Pérez

Assistant researcher

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First report on fatal myocarditis associated with adenovirus infection in Cuba


  • Odalys Valdés
  • Belsy Acosta
  • Alexander Piñón
  • Clara Savón
  • Angel Goyenechea
  • Grehete Gonzalez
  • Guelsys Gonzalez
  • Lidice Palerm
  • Luis Sarmiento
  • Mas Lago Pedro
  • Pedro A Martínez
  • Delfina Rosario
  • Vivian Kourí
  • María Guadalupe Guzmán
  • Alina Llop
  • Inmaculada Casas
  • Ma Pilar Perez Breña

Summary, in English

Myocarditis is caused frequently by viral infections of the myocardium. In the past, enteroviruses (EV) were considered the most common cause of myocarditis in all age groups. Other viruses that cause myocarditis are adenovirus and influenza viruses. Parvovirus B19 infection is associated sometimes with myocarditis. Members of the Herpesviridae family, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) have been associated occasionally with myocarditis. During an atypical outbreak of acute febrile syndrome, eight children, with ages from 5 months to 15 years, died in cardiogenic shock due to myocarditis in July-August 2005, in the city of Havana, Cuba. Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) and nested reverse transcription-PCR (nRT-PCR) were carried out on fresh heart muscle and lung tissue to analyze the genomic sequences of adenovirus, CMV, HHV-6, herpes simplex virus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), varizella zoster virus, influenza virus A, B, C, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) A and B, parainfluenza viruses, rhinoviruses, coronavirus, flaviruses and enteroviruses. Evidence was for the presence of the adenovirus genome in 6 (75%) of the children. Phylogenetic analyses of a conserved hexon gene fragment in four cases showed serotype 5 as the causal agent. No others viruses were detected. Histological examination was undertaken to detect myocardial inflammation. After exclusion of other possible causes of death, the results indicated that viral myocarditis was the cause of death in patients with adenovirus infection.

Publishing year







Journal of Medical Virology





Document type

Journal article


John Wiley & Sons Inc.


  • Infectious Medicine


  • Adenoviridae/classification
  • Adenoviridae Infections/complications
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cuba/epidemiology
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Female
  • Genome, Viral/genetics
  • Heart/virology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lung/virology
  • Male
  • Myocarditis/mortality
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Shock, Cardiogenic/mortality




  • ISSN: 1096-9071