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Luis Sarmiento-Pérez

Assistant researcher

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Molecular characterization of coxsackievirus a24v from feces and conjunctiva reveals epidemiological links

Author

  • Magilé C. Fonseca
  • Mario Pupo-Meriño
  • Luis A. García-González
  • Mayra Muné
  • Sonia Resik
  • Heléne Norder
  • Luis Sarmiento

Summary, in English

Coxsackievirus A24 variant (CVA24v), the main causative agent of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC), can be isolated from both the eyes and lower alimentary tract. However, the molecular features of CVA24v in feces is not well-documented. In this study, we compared the VP1 and 3C sequences of CVA24v strains isolated from feces during AHC epidemics in Cuba in 1997, 2003, and 2008–2009 with those obtained from conjunctival swabs during the same epidemic period. The sequence analyses of the 3C and VP1 region of stool isolates from the three epidemics showed a high degree of nucleotide identity (ranging from 97.3–100%) to the corresponding conjunctival isolates. The phylogenetic analysis showed that fecal CVA24v isolates from the 1997 and 2003 Cuban outbreaks formed a clade with CVA24v strains isolated from conjunctival swabs in Cuba and other countries during the same period. There were three amino acid changes (3C region) and one amino acid change (VP1 region) in seven CVA24v strains isolated sequentially over 20 days from fecal samples of one patient, suggesting viral replication in the intestine. Despite these substitutions, the virus from the conjunctival swab and fecal samples were genetically very similar. Therefore, fecal samples should be considered as a reliable alternative sample type for the routine molecular diagnosis and molecular epidemiology of CVA24v, also during outbreaks of AHC.

Department/s

  • Diabetes - Immunovirology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2021-03

Language

English

Pages

1-10

Publication/Series

Microorganisms

Volume

9

Issue

3

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

MDPI AG

Topic

  • Microbiology in the medical area

Keywords

  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis
  • Conjunctival swabs
  • Coxsackievirus A24v
  • Enterovirus
  • Feces

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes - Immunovirology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 2076-2607