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Lena Eliasson

Principal investigator

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Synapsins I and II Are Not Required for Insulin Secretion from Mouse Pancreatic beta-cells

Author

  • Anna Wendt
  • Dina Speidel
  • Anders Danielsson
  • Jonathan L. S. Esguerra
  • Inger Lise Bogen
  • S. Ivar Walaas
  • S Albert Salehi
  • Lena Eliasson

Summary, in English

Synapsins are a family of phosphoproteins that modulate the release of neurotransmitters from synaptic vesicles. The release of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells has also been suggested to be regulated by synapsins. In this study, we have utilized a knock out mouse model with general disruptions of the synapsin I and II genes [synapsin double knockout (DKO)]. Stimulation with 20 mM glucose increased insulin secretion 9-fold in both wild-type (WT) and synapsin DKO islets, whereas secretion in the presence of 70 mM K+ and 1mM glucose was significantly enhanced in the synapsin DKO mice compared to WT. Exocytosis in single beta-cells was investigated using patch clamp. The exocytotic response, measured by capacitance measurements and elicited by a depolarization protocol designed to visualize exocytosis of vesicles from the readily releasable pool and from the reserve pool, was of the same size in synapsin DKO and WT beta-cells. The increase in membrane capacitance corresponding to readily releasable pool was approximately 50fF in both genotypes. We next investigated the voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx. In both WT and synapsin DKO beta-cells the Ca2+ current peaked at 0 mV and measured peak current (I-p) and net charge (Q) were of similar magnitude. Finally, ultrastructural data showed no variation in total number of granules (N-v) or number of docked granules (N-s) between the beta-cells from synapsin DKO mice and WT control. We conclude that neither synapsin I nor synapsin II are directly involved in the regulation of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and Ca-2-dependent exocytosis in mouse pancreatic beta-cells. (Endocrinology 153: 2112-2119, 2012)

Department/s

  • Diabetes - Islet Cell Exocytosis
  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Islet cell physiology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2012

Language

English

Pages

2112-2119

Publication/Series

Endocrinology

Volume

153

Issue

5

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes - Islet Cell Exocytosis
  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Islet cell physiology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0013-7227