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Leif Groop

Leif Groop

Principal investigator

Leif Groop

Differential gene expression in adipose tissue from obese human subjects during weight loss and weight maintenance.

Author

  • Lovisa Johansson
  • Anders Danielsson
  • Hemang Parikh
  • Maria Klintenberg
  • Fredrik Norström
  • Leif Groop
  • Martin Ridderstråle

Summary, in English

BACKGROUND:

Differential gene expression in adipose tissue during diet-induced weight loss followed by a weight stability period is poorly characterized. Markers of these processes may provide a deeper understanding of underlying mechanisms.



OBJECTIVE:

We aimed to identify differentially expressed genes in human adipose tissue during weight loss and weight maintenance after weight loss.



DESIGN:

RNA from subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue from 9 obese subjects was analyzed by using a complementary DNA microarray at baseline after weight loss on a low-calorie diet and after weight maintenance.



RESULTS:

Subjects lost 18.8 ± 1.8% of weight and maintained this loss during weight maintenance (1.1 ± 2.1%; range: -9.3 to 10.6%). Most differentially expressed genes exhibited a reciprocal regulation and returned to baseline after weight loss (2163 genes) and weight maintenance (3175 genes). CETP and ABCG1, both of which participate in the HDL-mediated reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), were among the most upregulated of the 750 genes that were differentially expressed after both processes. Several genes involved in inflammation were downregulated. The use of real-time polymerase chain reaction confirmed or partially confirmed the previously implicated genes TNMD and MMP9 (both downregulated), PNPLA3 (upregulated), and CIDEA and SCD (both reciprocally regulated).



CONCLUSIONS:

The beneficial effects of weight loss should be investigated after long-term weight maintenance. The processes of weight loss and weight maintenance should be viewed as biologically distinct. CETP and ABCG1 may be important mediators of these effects through HDL-mediated RCT.

Department/s

  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2012

Language

English

Pages

196-207

Publication/Series

The American journal of clinical nutrition

Volume

96

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Topic

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1938-3207