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Leif Groop

Leif Groop

Principal investigator

Leif Groop

Genetic dissection of type 2 diabetes.

Author

  • Martin Ridderstråle
  • Leif Groop

Summary, in English

Compared to the successful probing of genetic causes of monogenic disorders, dissecting the genetics of complex polygenic diseases has until recently been a fairly slow and cumbersome process. With the introduction of whole genome wide association studies (WGAS) the situation dramatically changed in 2007. The results from several recent WGAS on type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity have identified at least eighteen genes consistently associated with T2D. Many of the genes implicate pancreatic beta-cell function in the pathogenesis of T2D whereas only one clearly associate with insulin resistance. The identified genes most likely merely represent the tip of the iceberg in the explanation behind T2D. Refined tools will have to provide a more complete picture of the genetic complexity of T2D over the next few years. In addition to common variants increasing susceptibility for the disease, rare variants with stronger effects, copy number variations, and epigenetic effects like DNA methylation and histone acetylation will become important. Nevertheless, today we are able for the first time to anticipate that the genetics of a complex disease like T2D really can be dissected.

Department/s

  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

Publishing year

2009

Language

English

Pages

10-17

Publication/Series

Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

Volume

2008

Issue

Oct 19

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1872-8057