The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Leif Groop

Leif Groop

Principal investigator

Leif Groop

The dysmetabolic syndrome

Author

  • Leif Groop
  • Marju Orho-Melander

Summary, in English

The first unifying definition for the metabolic syndrome was proposed by WHO in 1998. In accordance to this, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance have the syndrome if they fulfil two of the criteria: hypertension, dyslipidaemia, obesity/abdominal obesity and microalbuminuria. Persons with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) should also be insulin resistant. About 40% of persons with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and 70% of patients with type 2 diabetes have features of the syndrome. Importantly, presence of the dysmetabolic syndrome is associated with reduced survival, particularly because of increased cardiovascular mortality. The dysmetabolic syndrome most likely results from interplay between several genes and an affluent environment. Compatible with the thrifty gene theory, common variants in genes regulating lipolysis, thermogenesis and glucose uptake in skeletal muscle account for a large part of such thrifty genes. However, hitherto unknown genes may still be identified by random gene approaches.

Department/s

  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

Publishing year

2001

Language

English

Pages

105-120

Publication/Series

Journal of Internal Medicine

Volume

250

Issue

2

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1365-2796