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Leif Groop

Leif Groop

Principal investigator

Leif Groop

Impact of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 beta (PGC-1 beta) Ala203Pro polymorphism on in vivo metabolism, PGC-1 beta expression and fibre type composition in human skeletal muscle


  • Charlotte Ling
  • L. Wegner
  • G. Andersen
  • Peter Almgren
  • T. Hansen
  • O. Pedersen
  • Leif Groop
  • A. Vaag
  • P. Poulsen

Summary, in English

Aims/hypothesis Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma coactivator-lp (PGC-1 beta, also known as PPARGCIB) expression is reduced in skeletal muscle from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and in elderly subjects. Ala203Pro, a common variant in the PGC-1 beta gene is associated with obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the PGC-1 beta Ala203Pro polymorphism influences the age-related decline in skeletal muscle PGC-1 beta expression, in vivo metabolism and markers for muscle fibre type composition. Materials and methods The PGC-1 beta Ala203Pro polymerphism was genotyped in 110 young (age 28.0 +/- 1.9 years) and 86 elderly (age 62.4 +/- 2.0 years) twins and related to muscle PGC-1 beta expression, in vivo metabolism and markers for fibre type composition. Results Insulin-stimulated non-oxidative glucose metabolism (NOGM; p=0.025) and glycolytic flux rate (GF; p=0.026) were reduced in young Ala/Ala carriers compared with carriers of a 203Pro allele. In addition, a regression analysis, correcting for covariates, showed that the PGC-1 beta 203Pro allele was positively related to insulin-stimulated NOGM and GF in the young twins. While muscle expression of PGC-1 beta was reduced in elderly compared with young carriers of the Ala/Ala genotype (p <= 0.001), there was no significant age-related decline in PGC-1 beta expression in carriers of the 203Pro allele (p >= 0.4). However, a regression analysis, correcting for covariates, showed that only age was significantly related to muscle PGC-1 beta expression. Finally, PGC-1 beta expression correlated positively with markers for oxidative fibres in human muscle. Conclusions/interpretation This study suggests that young carriers of a PGC-1 beta 203Pro allele have enhanced insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism and may be protected against an age-related decline in PGC-1 beta expression in muscle.


  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

Publishing year












Document type

Journal article




  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • in vivo metabolism
  • PGC-1 beta
  • skeletal muscle
  • polymorphism
  • fibre type
  • gene expression



Research group

  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology


  • ISSN: 1432-0428