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Karl-Fredrik Eriksson

Associate professor

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Socioeconomic inequalities and disability pension in middle-aged men

Author

  • Nils-Ove Månsson
  • Lennart Råstam
  • Karl-Fredrik Eriksson
  • Bo Israelsson

Summary, in English

BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively. With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease.

Department/s

  • Family Medicine and Community Medicine
  • Community Medicine
  • Vascular Diseases - Clinical Research
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö

Publishing year

1998

Language

English

Pages

1019-1025

Publication/Series

International Journal of Epidemiology

Volume

27

Issue

6

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Topic

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Keywords

  • socioeconomic status
  • screening
  • risk factors
  • occupation
  • Disability pension
  • early retirement

Status

Published

Research group

  • Family Medicine and Community Medicine
  • Community Medicine
  • Vascular Diseases - Clinical Research

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1464-3685