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ludc web

Joao Duarte

Research team manager

ludc web

Modification upon aging of the density of presynaptic modulation systems in the hippocampus

Author

  • Paula M Canas
  • João M N Duarte
  • Ricardo J Rodrigues
  • Attila Köfalvi
  • Rodrigo A Cunha

Summary, in English

Different presynaptic neuromodulation systems have been explored as possible targets to manage neurodegenerative diseases. However, most studies used young adult animals whereas neurodegenerative diseases are prevalent in the elderly. Thus, we now explored by Western blot analysis how the density of different presynaptic markers and receptors changes with aging in rat hippocampal synaptosomes (purified nerve terminals). Compared to synaptosomal membranes from 2-month-old rats, the density of presynaptic proteins (synaptophysin or SNAP-25) decreased at 18-24 months. In parallel, markers of glutamatergic terminals (vGluT1 or vGluT2) and cholinergic terminal markers (vAChT) constantly decreased with aging from 12 to 18 months onwards, whereas the densities of GABAergic (vGAT) only decreased after 24 months. Inhibitory A(1) and CB(1) receptor density tended to decrease with aging, whereas facilitatory mGluR5 and P2Y1 receptor density was roughly constant and facilitatory A(2A) receptor density increased at 18-24 months. Thus aging causes an imbalance of excitatory versus inhibitory nerve terminal markers and causes a predominant decrease of inhibitory rather than facilitatory presynaptic modulation systems.

Publishing year

2009-11

Language

English

Pages

84-1877

Publication/Series

Neurobiology of Aging

Volume

30

Issue

11

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Keywords

  • Age Factors
  • Aging/physiology
  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation/physiology
  • Hippocampus/cytology
  • Male
  • Presynaptic Terminals/metabolism
  • Rats
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A/metabolism
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1/metabolism
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2/metabolism
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2Y1
  • Synaptophysin/metabolism
  • Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25/metabolism
  • Vesicular Acetylcholine Transport Proteins/metabolism
  • Vesicular Glutamate Transport Protein 1/metabolism
  • Vesicular Glutamate Transport Protein 2/metabolism
  • Vesicular Inhibitory Amino Acid Transport Proteins/metabolism

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1558-1497