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High disaccharide intake associates with atherogenic lipoprotein profile.

  • Emily Sonestedt
  • Elisabet Wirfält
  • Peter Wallström
  • Bo Gullberg
  • Isabel Drake
  • Joanna Hlebowicz
  • Gunilla Nordin Fredrikson
  • Bo Hedblad
  • Jan Nilsson
  • Ronald M Krauss
  • Marju Orho-Melander
Publishing year: 2012
Language: English
Pages: 1062-1069
Publication/Series: British Journal of Nutrition
Volume: 107
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Abstract english

Increased plasma concentrations of small LDL particles denote an atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype (ALP) that is correlated with increased circulating TAG and reduced HDL-cholesterol. Principal component analyses of subfraction concentrations have previously been used in the Swedish population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) cohort to identify three independent components, one pattern representing the ALP. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between macronutrient intakes and the principal component representing the ALP. We examined 4301 healthy subjects (46-68 years old, 60 % women) at baseline in the MDC cohort. Dietary data were collected using a modified diet history method. Plasma lipoprotein subfractions were measured using a high-resolution ion mobility method. The principal component corresponding to the ALP was significantly associated with a higher intake of disaccharides, and inversely related to protein and alcohol consumption (P < 0·001 for all). The present findings indicate that the ALP may be improved by a low intake of disaccharides, and moderate intakes of protein and alcohol.


  • Nutrition and Dietetics


  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease
  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 1475-2662
E-mail: jan [dot] nilsson [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, House 91:12. SE-214 28 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00