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TAP1-Deficiency Does Not Alter Atherosclerosis Development in Apoe(-/-) Mice.

Author:
  • Daniel Kolbus
  • Irena Ljungcrantz
  • Ingrid Söderberg
  • Ragnar Alm
  • Harry Björkbacka
  • Jan Nilsson
  • Gunilla Nordin Fredrikson
Publishing year: 2012
Language: English
Publication/Series: PLoS ONE
Volume: 7
Issue: 3
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Public Library of Science

Abstract english

Antigen presenting cells (APC) have the ability to present both extra-cellular and intra-cellular antigens via MHC class I molecules to CD8(+) T cells. The cross presentation of extra-cellular antigens is reduced in mice with deficient Antigen Peptide Transporter 1 (TAP1)-dependent MHC class I antigen presentation, and these mice are characterized by a diminished CD8(+) T cell population. We have recently reported an increased activation of CD8(+) T cells in hypercholesterolemic Apoe(-/-) mice. Therefore, this study included TAP1-deficient Apoe(-/-) mice (Apoe(-/-)Tap1(-/-)) to test the atherogenicity of CD8(+) T cells and TAP1-dependent cross presentation in a hypercholesterolemic environment. As expected the CD8(+) T cell numbers were low in Apoe(-/-)Tap1(-/-) mice in comparison to Apoe(-/-) mice, constituting ∼1% of the lymphocyte population. In spite of this there were no differences in the extent of atherosclerosis as assessed by en face Oil Red O staining of the aorta and cross-sections of the aortic root between Apoe(-/-)Tap1(-/-) and Apoe(-/-) mice. Moreover, no differences were detected in lesion infiltration of macrophages or CD3(+) T cells in Apoe(-/-)Tap1(-/-) compared to Apoe(-/-) mice. The CD3(+)CD4(+) T cell fraction was increased in Apoe(-/-)Tap1(-/-) mice, suggesting a compensation for the decreased CD8(+) T cell population. Interestingly, the fraction of CD8(+) effector memory T cells was increased but this appeared to have little impact on the atherosclerosis development.In conclusion, Apoe(-/-)Tap1(-/-) mice develop atherosclerosis equal to Apoe(-/-) mice, indicating a minor role for CD8(+) T cells and TAP1-dependent antigen presentation in the disease process.

Keywords

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Other

Published
  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis
  • ISSN: 1932-6203
E-mail: jan [dot] nilsson [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, House 91:12. SE-214 28 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00