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Jan Nilsson

Professor

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Perilipin and adipophilin expression in lipid loaded macrophages

Author

  • Jenny Persson
  • Eva Degerman
  • Jan Nilsson
  • Marie Lindholm

Summary, in English

Lipid-filled macrophages (foam cells) are a defining feature of atherosclerotic plaques. Foam cells contain lipid dro plet- associated proteins that in other cell types regulate lipid turnover. In foam cell such proteins may directly affect lipid droplet formation and lipid efflux. Differentiated primary human monocytes or THP-1 cells were lipid loaded by incubation with aggregated low density lipoproteins (AgLDL) or VLDL resulting in macrophage foam cells with predominantly cholesterol ester or triglyceride-rich lipid droplets, respectively. Lipid droplets were isolated and major proteins identified by mass spectrometry, among them the apolipoprotein B-48 receptor that has not previously been recognized in this context. Expression of two proteins, perilipin and adipophilin, was quantified by Western blots of cell lysates. Perilipin content decreased and adipophilin increased with lipoprotein lipid loading regardless of intracellular neutral lipid composition. This protein expression pattern may hinder lipid turnover in macrophage foam cells, thereby increasing lipid content of atherosclerotic plaques. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Department/s

  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis
  • Insulin Signal Transduction

Publishing year

2007

Language

English

Pages

1020-1026

Publication/Series

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Volume

363

Issue

4

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Biological Sciences

Keywords

  • PAT proteins
  • lipid droplet
  • foam cell
  • macrophage

Status

Published

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis
  • Insulin Signal Transduction

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1090-2104