Immune responses elicited by apoB-100-derived peptides in mice
Gunilla Nordin Fredrikson
Summary, in English
Peptides derived from apolipoprotein B (apoB)-100 have been previously used in vaccine preparations to treat atherosclerosis. Such vaccines have been shown to reduce atherosclerotic plaque development by 50 % in experimental animals, and this effect is associated with induction of T helper (Th)2 immune responses. In this study we immunised apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice with apoB-100-derived peptides P2, P45 and P210. Animals received BSA-conjugated peptides or peptide-loaded bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs). We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays to assess the synthesis of anti-peptide-specific IgG1 and IgG2a as well as the levels of interleukin (IL-)10 and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) in plasma of immunised animals. We also measured the effect of immunisation on the number of spleen-derived CD4(+) and CD8(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in these animals. Peptide and peptide-loaded DC immunisation significantly increased the levels of peptide-specific immunoglobulins and the number of Tregs in apoE(-/-) mice. This was accompanied by a significant increase in the secretion of IL-10 with no effect on IFN-gamma levels. The results also show that the peptides can modulate the homing properties of DCs. Altogether, this study provides novel evidence for the immune mechanisms excerpted by apoB-100-derived peptides and their effect on Tregs and DCs relevant to their use in vaccine preparations.