Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Jan Nilsson

Professor

Default user image.

Involvement of the CD1d-Natural killer T cell pathway in neointima formation after vascular injury

Author

  • Åsa Ström
  • Maria Wigren
  • Anna Hultgårdh
  • Amit Saxena
  • Maria Gomez
  • Susanna Cardell
  • Gunilla Nordin Fredrikson
  • Jan Nilsson

Summary, in English

Recent studies have established that the immune system plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. However, its role in regulating the arterial response to mechanical injury is less well studied. Arterial injury is associated with local accumulation of antibodies, and mice lacking functional T and B cells exhibit increased neointima formation, indicating that adaptive immune responses to neoantigens in the damaged tissue modulate the vascular repair process. To study the role of lipid antigen presentation in the arterial response to injury, we analyzed neointima formation in mice deficient in the lipid antigen-presenting molecule CD1d using a carotid collar model. As compared with control mice, neointima formation was reduced by >60% (P<0.01) in CD1d(-/-) mice. Moreover, carotid injury of wild-type C57BL/6 mice was associated with expansion of CD1d-restricted natural killer T cells in the spleen and accumulation of natural killer T cells in the periadventitial space of injured arteries. The results suggest that presentation of lipid antigens through the CD1d-natural killer T cell pathway modulates vascular repair responses.

Department/s

  • Vessel Wall Biology
  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis

Publishing year

2007

Language

English

Pages

83-89

Publication/Series

Circulation Research

Volume

101

Issue

8

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Heart Association

Topic

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • arterial injury
  • antigen presentation
  • neointima

Status

Published

Research group

  • Vessel Wall Biology
  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0009-7330