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Jan Nilsson

Professor

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Vaccination for atherosclerosis: a novel therapeutic paradigm

Author

  • Prediman K Shah
  • Kuang-Yuh Chyu
  • Gunilla N Fredrikson
  • Jan Nilsson

Summary, in English

Numerous studies have identified a role for the innate and adaptive immune response in atherosclerosis; both pro- and antiatherogenic roles for the immune responses have been demonstrated. Common autoantigens against which an immune response has been identified in experimental and human models of atherosclerosis include oxidized low-density lipopoteins, beta2 glycoprotein 1 and heat shock protein 60. Activation of atheroprotective adaptive immune responses have been demonstrated for oxidized low-density lipoprotein-related antigens. Conversely, atheroprotection has been demonstrated with the induction of immune tolerance through activation of mucosal immunity to heat shock protein 65/60 and beta2 glycoprotein 1. Recent identification of specific immunoreactive antigenic epitopes in the apolipoprotein B-100 component of low density lipoproetin and early experimental observations have provided proof of concept that active vaccination using specific apolipoprotein B-100-related antigens may emerge as a novel immunomodulating atheroprotective strategy.

Department/s

  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis

Publishing year

2004

Language

English

Pages

711-716

Publication/Series

Expert Review of Vaccines

Volume

3

Issue

6

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Future Drugs Ltd

Topic

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Status

Published

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1744-8395