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Hindrik Mulder

Hindrik Mulder

Principal investigator

Hindrik Mulder

Precise expression of Fis1 is important for glucose responsiveness of beta cells

Author

  • Julia Schultz
  • Rica Waterstradt
  • Tobias Kantowski
  • Annekatrin Rickmann
  • Florian Reinhardt
  • Vladimir Sharoyko
  • Hindrik Mulder
  • Markus Tiedge
  • Simone Baltrusch

Summary, in English

Mitochondrial network functionality is vital for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells. Altered mitochondrial dynamics in pancreatic beta cells are thought to trigger the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fission protein 1 (Fis1) might be a key player in this process. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate mitochondrial morphology in dependence of beta cell function, after knockdown and overexpression of Fis1. We demonstrate that glucose-unresponsive cells with impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (INS1-832/2) showed decreased mitochondrial dynamics compared with glucose-responsive cells (INS1-832/13). Accordingly, mitochondrial morphology visualised using MitoTracker staining differed between the two cell lines. INS1-832/2 cells formed elongated and clustered mitochondria, whereas INS1-832/13 cells showed a homogenous mitochondrial network. Fis1 overexpression using lentiviral transduction significantly improved glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and mitochondrial network homogeneity in glucose-unresponsive cells. Conversely, Fis1 downregulation by shRNA, both in primary mouse beta cells and glucose-responsive INS1-832/13 cells, caused unresponsiveness and significantly greater numbers of elongated mitochondria. Overexpression of FIS1 in primary mouse beta cells indicated an upper limit at which higher FIS1 expression reduced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Thus, FIS1 was overexpressed stepwise up to a high concentration in RINm5F cells using the RheoSwitch system. Moderate FIS1 expression improved glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, whereas high expression resulted in loss of glucose responsiveness and in mitochondrial artificial loop structures and clustering. Our data confirm that FIS1 is a key regulator in pancreatic beta cells, because both glucosestimulated insulin secretion and mitochondrial dynamics were clearly adapted to precise expression levels of this fission protein.

Department/s

  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund
  • LUDC (Lund University Diabetes Centre)-lup-obsolete
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2016-07

Language

English

Pages

81-91

Publication/Series

Journal of Endocrinology

Volume

230

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Society for Endocrinology

Topic

  • Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Keywords

  • Fission protein 1
  • Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion
  • Mitochondrial dynamics
  • Pancreatic beta cells

Status

Published

Research group

  • LUDC (Lund University Diabetes Centre)-lup-obsolete

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0022-0795