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Eva Degerman

Eva Degerman

Professor

Eva Degerman

Propionic acid and butyric acid inhibit lipolysis and de novo lipogenesis and increase insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in primary rat adipocytes.

Author

  • Emilia Heimann
  • Margareta Nyman
  • Eva Degerman

Summary, in English

Fermentation of dietary fibers by colonic microbiota generates short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), e.g., propionic acid and butyric acid, which have been described to have "anti-obesity properties" by ameliorating fasting glycaemia, body weight and insulin tolerance in animal models. In the present study, we therefore investigate if propionic acid and butyric acid have effects on lipolysis, de novo lipogenesis and glucose uptake in primary rat adipocytes. We show that both propionic acid and butyric acid inhibit isoproterenol- and adenosine deaminase-stimulated lipolysis as well as isoproterenol-stimulated lipolysis in the presence of a phosphodiesterase (PDE3) inhibitor. In addition, we show that propionic acid and butyric acid inhibit basal and insulin-stimulated de novo lipogenesis, which is associated with increased phosphorylation and thus inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase, a rate-limiting enzyme in fatty acid synthesis. Furthermore, we show that propionic acid and butyric acid increase insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. To conclude, our study shows that SCFAs have effects on fat storage and mobilization as well as glucose uptake in rat primary adipocytes. Thus, the SCFAs might contribute to healthier adipocytes and subsequently also to improved energy metabolism with for example less circulating free fatty acids, which is beneficial in the context of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Department/s

  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • Insulin Signal Transduction
  • Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition

Publishing year

2015

Language

English

Pages

81-88

Publication/Series

Adipocyte

Volume

4

Issue

2

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Project

  • ANTIDIABETIC FOOD CENTRE

Research group

  • Insulin Signal Transduction

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 2162-3945