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Eva Degerman

Eva Degerman

Professor

Eva Degerman

Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript is expressed in adipocytes and regulate lipid- and glucose homeostasis.

Author

  • Elin Banke
  • Matteo Riva
  • Liliya Shcherbina
  • Nils Wierup
  • Eva Degerman

Summary, in English

Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is a regulatory peptide expressed in the nervous system and in endocrine cells, e.g. in pancreatic islets. CART deficient mice exhibit islet dysfunction, impaired insulin secretion and increased body weight. A mutation in the CART gene in humans is associated with reduced metabolic rate, obesity and diabetes. Furthermore, CART is upregulated in islets of type-2 diabetic rats and regulates islet hormone secretion in vitro. While the function of CART in the nervous system has been extensively studied, there is no information on its expression or function in white adipose tissue. CART mRNA and protein were found to be expressed in both subcutaneous and visceral white adipose tissues from rat and man. Stimulating rat primary adipocytes with CART significantly potentiated isoprenaline-induced lipolysis, and hormone sensitive lipase activation (phosphorylation of Ser 563). On the other hand, CART significantly potentiated the inhibitory effect of insulin on isoprenaline-induced lipolysis. CART inhibited insulin-induced glucose uptake, which was associated with inhibition of PKB phosphorylation. In conclusion, CART is a novel constituent of human and rat adipocytes and affects several biological processes central in both lipid- and glucose homeostasis. Depending on the surrounding conditions, the effects of CART are insulin-like or insulin-antagonistic.

Department/s

  • Insulin Signal Transduction
  • Neuroendocrine Cell Biology
  • Immunology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2013

Language

English

Pages

35-40

Publication/Series

Regulatory Peptides

Volume

182

Issue

Jan.,11

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Cell and Molecular Biology

Status

Published

Research group

  • Insulin Signal Transduction
  • Neuroendocrine Cell Biology
  • Immunology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1873-1686