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Tomosyn-1 is involved in a post-docking event required for pancreatic beta-cell exocytosis

Author:
  • Severine Cheviet
  • Paola Bezzi
  • Rosita Ivarsson
  • Erik Renström
  • David Viertl
  • Sandor Kasas
  • Stefan Catsicas
  • Romano Regazzi
Publishing year: 2006
Language: English
Pages: 2912-2920
Publication/Series: Journal of Cell Science
Volume: 119
Issue: 14
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The Company of Biologists Ltd

Abstract english

Although the assembly of a ternary complex between the SNARE proteins syntaxin-1, SNAP25 and VAMP2 is known to be crucial for insulin exocytosis, the mechanisms controlling this key event are poorly understood. We found that pancreatic beta-cells express different isoforms of tomosyn-1, a syntaxin-1-binding protein possessing a SNARE-like motif. Using atomic force microscopy we show that the SNARE-like domain of tomosyn-1 can form a complex with syntaxin-1 and SNAP25 but displays binding forces that are weaker than those observed for VAMP2 (237 +/- 13 versus 279 +/- 3 pN). In pancreatic beta-cells tomosyn-1 was found to be concentrated in cellular compartments enriched in insulin-containing secretory granules. Silencing of tomosyn-1 in the rat beta-cell line INS-1E by RNA interference did not affect the number of secretory granules docked at the plasma membrane but led to a reduction in stimulus-induced exocytosis. Replacement of endogenous tomosyn-1 with mouse tomosyn-1, which differs in the nucleotide sequence from its rat homologue and escapes silencing, restored a normal secretory rate. Taken together, our data suggest that tomosyn-1 is involved in a post-docking event that prepares secretory granules for fusion and is necessary to sustain exocytosis of pancreatic beta-cells in response to insulin secretagogues.

Keywords

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • exocytosis
  • SNARE
  • insulin
  • TIRF

Other

Published
  • Islet patophysiology
  • ISSN: 0021-9533
Erik Renström
E-mail: erik [dot] renstrom [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Deputy head of department

Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö

+46 40 39 11 57

+46 40 39 11 57

Principal investigator

Islet patophysiology

+46 40 39 11 57

+46 40 39 11 57

20-3-308

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Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Entrance 72, House 91:12. SE-205 02 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00