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Erik Renström

Erik Renström

Vice-chancellor

Erik Renström

Adrenaline stimulates glucagon secretion in pancreatic A-cells by increasing the Ca2+ current and the number of granules close to the L-type Ca2+ channels

Author

  • J Gromada
  • K Bokvist
  • W G Ding
  • Sebastian Barg
  • K Buschard
  • Erik Renström
  • Patrik Rorsman

Summary, in English

We have monitored electrical activity, voltage-gated Ca2+ currents, and exocytosis in single rat glucagon-secreting pancreatic A-cells. The A-cells were electrically excitable and generated spontaneous Na+- and Ca2+-dependent action potentials. Under basal conditions, exocytosis was tightly linked to Ca2+ influx through omega-conotoxin-GVIA-sensitive (N-type) Ca2+ channels. Stimulation of the A-cells with adrenaline (via beta-adrenergic receptors) or forskolin produced a greater than fourfold PKA-dependent potentiation of depolarization-evoked exocytosis. This enhancement of exocytosis was due to a 50% enhancement of Ca2+ influx through L-type Ca2+ channels, an effect that accounted for <30% of the total stimulatory action. The remaining 70% of the stimulation was attributable to an acceleration of granule mobilization resulting in a fivefold increase in the number of readily releasable granules near the L-type Ca2+ channels.

Publishing year

1997

Language

English

Pages

217-228

Publication/Series

Journal of General Physiology

Volume

110

Issue

3

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Keywords

  • glucagon
  • Ca2+
  • secretion

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0022-1295