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Erik Renström

Erik Renström

Vice-chancellor

Erik Renström

Sulfonylurea-Mediated Stimulation of Insulin Exocytosis via an ATP-Sensitive K(+) Channel--Independent Action.

Author

  • Erik Renström
  • Sebastian Barg
  • Frank Thévenod
  • Patrik Rorsman

Summary, in English

Several reports indicate that hypoglycemic sulfonylureas augment Ca(2+)-dependent insulin secretion via mechanisms other than inhibition of the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel. The effect involves a 65-kd protein in the granule membrane and culminates in intragranular acidification. Lowering of granule pH is necessary for the insulin granule to gain release competence. Proton pumping into the granule is driven by a v-type H(+)-ATPase, but requires simultaneous Cl(-) uptake into the granule via metabolically regulated ClC-3 Cl(-) channels to maintain electroneutrality. Here we discuss the possibility that modulation of granule ClC-3 channels represents the mechanism whereby sulfonylureas directly potentiate the beta-cell exocytotic machinery.

Department/s

  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology
  • Islet cell physiology

Publishing year

2002

Language

English

Pages

33-36

Publication/Series

Diabetes

Volume

51

Issue

Suppl 1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Diabetes Association Inc.

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology
  • Islet cell physiology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1939-327X