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Enming Zhang

Research team manager

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Pro-inflammatory role of neutrophil extracellular traps in abdominal sepsis.

Author

  • Lingtao Luo
  • Su Zhang
  • Yongzhi Wang
  • Milladur Rahman
  • Ingvar Syk
  • Enming Zhang
  • Henrik Thorlacius

Summary, in English

Excessive neutrophil activation is a major component in septic lung injury. Neutrophil-derived DNA may form extracellular traps in response to bacterial invasions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential role of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in septic lung injury. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with rhDNAse (5 mg/kg) after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Extracellular DNA was stained by Sytox green and NET formation was quantified by confocal microscopy and cell-free DNA in plasma, peritoneal cavity and lung. Blood, peritoneal fluid and lung tissue were harvested for analysis of neutrophil infiltration, NET levels, tissue injury as well as CXC chemokine and cytokine formation. We observed that CLP caused increased formation of NETs in the plasma, peritoneal cavity and lung. Administration of rhDNAse not only eliminated NET formation in the plasma, peritoneal cavity and bronchoalveolar space but also reduced lung edema and tissue damage 24 h after CLP induction. Moreover, treatment with rhDNAse decreased CLP-induced formation of CXC chemokines, IL-6 and HMGB1 in the plasma as well as CXC chemokines and IL-6 in the lung. In vitro, we found that neutrophil-derived NETs had the capacity to stimulate secretion of CXCL2, TNF-α and HMGB1 from alveolar macrophages. Taken together, our findings show that NETs regulate pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils and tissue injury via formation of pro-inflammatory compounds in abdominal sepsis. Thus, we conclude that NETs exert a pro-inflammatory role in septic lung injury.

Department/s

  • Surgery
  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology

Publishing year

2014

Language

English

Pages

586-596

Publication/Series

American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

Volume

307

Issue

7

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Physiological Society

Topic

  • Physiology

Status

Published

Research group

  • Surgery
  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1522-1504