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Emily Sonestedt

Emily Sonestedt

Associate senior lecturer

Emily Sonestedt

Identification of Inflammatory and Disease-Associated Plasma Proteins that Associate with Intake of Added Sugar and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Their Role in Type 2 Diabetes Risk


  • Stina Ramne
  • Isabel Drake
  • Ulrika Ericson
  • Jan Nilsson
  • Marju Orho-Melander
  • Gunnar Engström
  • Emily Sonestedt

Summary, in English

It has been suggested that high intake of added sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increase the level of circulating inflammatory proteins and that chronic inflammation plays a role in type 2 diabetes (T2D) development. We aim to examine how added sugar and SSB intake associate with 136 measured plasma proteins and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the Malmö Diet and Cancer-Cardiovascular Cohort (n = 4382), and examine if the identified added sugar- and SSB-associated proteins associate with T2D incidence. A two-step iterative resampling approach was used to internally replicate proteins that associated with added sugar and SSB intake. Nine proteins were identified to associate with added sugar intake, of which only two associated with T2D incidence (p < 0.00045). Seven proteins were identified to associate with SSB intake, of which six associated strongly with T2D incidence (p < 6.9 × 10-8). No significant associations were observed between added sugar and SSB intake and CRP concentrations. In summary, our elucidation of the relationship between plasma proteome and added sugar and SSB intake, in relation to future T2D risk, demonstrated that SSB intake, rather than the total intake of added sugar, was related to a T2D-pathological proteomic signature. However, external replication is needed to verify the findings.


  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology

Publishing year










Document type

Journal article




  • Endocrinology and Diabetes



Research group

  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease
  • Cardiovascular Research - Immunity and Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology


  • ISSN: 2072-6643