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Increased breast cancer risk at high plasma folate concentrations among women with the MTHFR 677T allele.

Author:
  • Ulrika Ericson
  • Malin Il Ivarsson
  • Emily Sonestedt
  • Bo Gullberg
  • Joyce Carlson
  • Håkan Olsson
  • Elisabet Wirfält
Publishing year: 2009
Language: English
Pages: 1380-1389
Publication/Series: The American journal of clinical nutrition
Volume: 90
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Society for Clinical Nutrition

Abstract english

BACKGROUND: Folate is involved in DNA synthesis and methylation and may thereby influence carcinogenesis. OBJECTIVES: We examined plasma folate (P-folate) concentration in relation to genotypes of the folate-metabolizing enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase [MTHFR 677C<--T (rs1801133) and 1298A<--C (rs1801131)]. We also explored whether P-folate was associated with risk of postmenopausal breast cancer overall and in subgroups with genetic variants of the MTHFR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). DESIGN: This nested case-control study included 313 cases (age 55-73 y at baseline) with invasive breast cancer and 626 control subjects, matched on age and blood-sample date, from the population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. P-folate and MTHFR genotypes were determined for 310 cases and 611 controls. P-folate according to genotype was calculated by using analysis of variance. Odds ratios were obtained by using logistic regression. All tests were 2-sided. RESULTS: The variant 677T allele was associated with lower P-folate. In women with the 677T allele, a high P-folate concentration was associated with increased breast cancer risk (P for trend across P-folate tertiles = 0.03). Interaction was seen between the 677C<--T SNP and P-folate (P = 0.002). A positive association, which was seen between P-folate and breast cancer risk in 1298AA women (P = 0.01), was probably due to linkage between the 2 SNPs. Overall, and in women with other genotypes, no significant associations were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest an association of high P-folate concentration with increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in carriers of the 677T allele. The findings underline the importance of genetic variation of MTHFR in the complex relation between folate and cancer.

Keywords

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Other

Published
  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • Clinical Chemistry, Malmö
  • ISSN: 1938-3207
Emily Sonestedt
E-mail: emily [dot] sonestedt [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

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