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Changes in dietary intake following a culturally adapted lifestyle intervention among Iraqi immigrants to Sweden at high risk of type 2 diabetes : a randomised trial

  • Faiza Siddiqui
  • Vicky Winther
  • Azra Kurbasic
  • Emily Sonestedt
  • Katarina Balcker
  • Staffan Lindeberg
  • Peter M. Nilsson
  • Louise Bennet
Publishing year: 2017-07-25
Language: English
Pages: 2827-2838
Publication/Series: Public Health Nutrition
Volume: 20
Issue: 15
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Abstract english

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a culturally adapted lifestyle intervention for changing dietary intake, particularly energy, fat and fibre intakes, in the intervention group (IG) compared with the control group (CG). Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: IG (n 50) and CG (n 46). The IG was offered seven group sessions, including one cooking class, over a period of 4 months. The participants filled out 4 d food diaries at the start, mid and end of the study. Subjects: Iraqi-born residents of Malmö, Sweden, at increased risk for developing diabetes. Results: At baseline, participants’ fat intake was high (40 % of total energy intake (E%)). The predefined study goals of obtaining <30 E% from fat and ≥15 g fibre/4184 kJ (1000 kcal) were met by very few individuals. In the IG v. the CG, the proportion of individuals obtaining <40 E% from fat (48·4 v. 34·6 %, P=0·65), <10 E% from saturated fat (32·3 v. 11·5 %, P=0·14) and ≥10 g fibre/4184 kJ (45·2 v. 26·9 %, P=0·46) appeared to be higher at the last visit, although the differences were statistically non-significant. A trend towards decreased mean daily intakes of total energy (P=0·03), carbohydrate (P=0·06), sucrose (P=0·02) and fat (P=0·02) was observed within the IG. Differences in changes over time between the groups did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions: Although no significant differences were observed in the two groups, our data indicate that this culturally adapted programme has the potential to modify dietary intake in Middle Eastern immigrants. The high fat intake in this group should be addressed.


  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Dietary fats
  • Dietary modification
  • Immigrants
  • Lifestyle
  • Randomised controlled trial


  • Family Medicine and Community Medicine
  • Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease
  • Family Medicine, Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Lifestyle
  • Internal Medicine - Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
Emily Sonestedt
E-mail: emily [dot] sonestedt [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Associate senior lecturer

Nutrition Epidemiology

+46 40 39 13 25

+46 73 700 71 45


Jan Waldenströms gata 35, CRC 60:13, Malmö


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Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, House 91:12. SE-214 28 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00