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A high diet quality based on dietary recommendations is not associated with lower incidence of type 2 diabetes in the malmö diet and cancer cohort

Author:
  • Emmanuel Mandalazi
  • Isabel Drake
  • Elisabet Wirfält
  • Marju Orho-Melander
  • Emily Sonestedt
Publishing year: 2016-06-08
Language: English
Publication/Series: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume: 17
Issue: 6
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INT

Abstract english

A high diet quality index based on Swedish nutrition recommendations has previously been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) cohort. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this diet quality index was associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes. Of 26,868 participants (44-74 years) in the MDC cohort study, 3838 type 2 diabetes cases were identified from registers during 17 years of follow-up. A diet quality index (from a modified diet history method) was constructed based on adherence to the recommended intakes of saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, fish, fiber, fruit and vegetables, and sucrose. After adjusting for potential confounders, we observed no significant association between the diet quality index and type 2 diabetes risk. The HR for the highest vs. lowest index category was 1.06 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.20; p-trend = 0.56). Because of the protective associations shown for cardiovascular disease and mortality, the specific dietary components that were chosen to represent adherence to the recommendations may be less applicable to type 2 diabetes risk.

Keywords

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Cohort
  • Diet index
  • Dietary pattern
  • Type 2 diabetes

Other

Published
  • Diabetes - Cardiovascular Disease
  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 1661-6596
Emily Sonestedt
E-mail: emily [dot] sonestedt [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

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Nutrition Epidemiology

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