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Perspective : An extension of the STROBE statement for observational studies in nutritional epidemiology (STROBE-nut): Explanation and elaboration

  • Agneta Hörnell
  • Christina Berg
  • Elisabet Forsum
  • Christel Larsson
  • Emily Sonestedt
  • A Åkesson
  • Carl Lachat
  • Dana Hawwash
  • Patrick Kolsteren
  • Graham Byrnes
  • Willem De Keyzer
  • John Van Camp
  • Janet E. Cade
  • Darren C. Greenwood
  • Nadia Slimani
  • Myriam Cevallos
  • Matthias Egger
  • Inge Huybrechts
  • Elisabet Wirfält
Publishing year: 2017-09-01
Language: English
Pages: 652-678
Publication/Series: Advances in Nutrition
Volume: 8
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Society for Nutrition

Abstract english

Nutritional epidemiology is an inherently complex and multifaceted research area. Dietary intake is a complex exposure and is challenging to describe and assess, and links between diet, health, and disease are difficult to ascertain. Consequently, adequate reporting is necessary to facilitate comprehension, interpretation, and generalizability of results and conclusions. The STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement is an international and collaborative initiative aiming to enhance the quality of reporting of observational studies. We previously presented a checklist of 24 reporting recommendations for the field of nutritional epidemiology, called "the STROBE-nut." The STROBE-nut is an extension of the general STROBE statement, intended to complement the STROBE recommendations to improve and standardize the reporting in nutritional epidemiology. The aim of the present article is to explain the rationale for, and elaborate on, the STROBE-nut recommendations to enhance the clarity and to facilitate the understanding of the guidelines. Examples from the published literature are used as illustrations, and references are provided for further reading.


  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Checklist
  • Dietary assessment
  • Epidemiology
  • Nutrition
  • Reference standards
  • Scientific reporting


  • Nutrition Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 2161-8313
Emily Sonestedt
E-mail: emily [dot] sonestedt [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Associate senior lecturer

Nutrition Epidemiology

+46 40 39 13 25

+46 73 700 71 45


Jan Waldenströms gata 35, CRC 60:13, Malmö


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