Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Corrado Cilio

Professor

Default user image.

Genetic similarities between latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes

Author

  • Camilla Cervin
  • Valeriya Lyssenko
  • Ekaterine Bakhtadze
  • Eero Lindholm
  • Peter Nilsson
  • Tiinamaija Tuomi
  • Corrado Cilio
  • Leif Groop

Summary, in English

OBJECTIVE-Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is often considered a slowly progressing subtype of type 1 diabetes, although the clinical picture more resembles type 2 diabetes. One way to improve classification is to study whether LADA shares genetic features with type 1 and/or type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-To accomplish this we studied whether LADA shares variation in the HLA locus or INS VNTR and PTPN22 genes with type I diabetes or the TCF7L2 gene with type 2 diabetes in 361 LADA, 718 type 1 diabetic, and 1,676 type 2 diabetic patients, as well as 1,704 healthy control subjects from Sweden and Finland. RESULTS-LADA subjects showed, compared with type 2 diabetic patients, increased frequency of risk for the HLA-DQB1 *0201/*0302 genotype (27 vs. 6.9%; P < 1 X 10(-6)), with similar frequency as with type I diabetes (36%). In addition, LADA subjects showed higher frequencies of protective HLA-DQB1 *0602(3)/X than type I diabetic patients (8.1 vs. 3.2%, P = 0.003). The AA genotype of rs689, referring to the class I allele in the INS VNTR, as well as the CT/TT genotypes of rs2476601 in the PTPN22 gene, were increased both in type 1 diabetic (P = 3 X 10(-14) and P = 1 X 10(-10), respectively) and LADA (P = 0.001 and P = 0.002) subjects compared with control subjects. Notably, the frequency of the type 2 diabetes-associated CT/TT genotypes of rs7903146 in the TCF7L2 were increased in LADA subjects (52.8%; P = 0.03), to the same extent as in type 2 diabetic subjects (54.1%, P = 3 X 10(-7)), compared with control subjects (44.8%) and type I diabetic subjects (43.39%). CONCLUSIONS-LADA shares genetic features with both type I (HLA, INS VNTR, and PTPN22) and type 2 (TCF7L2) diabetes, which justifies considering LADA as an admixture of the two major types of diabetes.

Department/s

  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö
  • Diabetes - Immunovirology

Publishing year

2008

Language

English

Pages

1433-1437

Publication/Series

Diabetes

Volume

57

Issue

5

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Diabetes Association Inc.

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes - Clinical Obesity
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • Diabetes - Immunovirology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1939-327X